The name was taken from Adile Sultan, the sister of Sultan Abdülmecit. The palace was bought in 1856 by Adile Sultan and was rebuilt by Sultan Abdülaziz in 1861. Adile Sultan, known as the only female poet with a divan in the Ottoman dynasty, is known to have contributed to the development of Kandilli, to help the poor and to be particularly interested in educational issues. For this reason, she donated the Adile Sultan Palace to the Ministry of National Education in 1899 as a girls' school. The palace, which was used as Kandilli Girls' High School for a while, was restored with the donation of the late Sakip Sabanci, the valuable businessman after his fire in 1986.