Beylerbeyi Palace was designed as a public residence of the Ottoman sultans and as a State Guesthouse where foreign presidents or monarchs would be hosted and was built upon the request of Sultan Abdülaziz (1861-1876). The construction of the palace began on August 6, 1863 and was officially opened on 21 April 1865 Friday with a ceremony. Beylerbeyi Palace also hosted foreign state guests during the Republican period. Iranian Shah Pahlavi who came to Turkey in 1934 was hosted by President Gazi Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in this palace. The Balkan Games Festival was held in 1936 at the Beylerbeyi Palace. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk spent that night in Beylerbeyi Palace's historical bedroom.